Books from CFI

Niels Brügger:
Archiving Websites. General Considerations and Strategies
76 pages, Aarhus 2005
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This book treats the micro-archivation of websites, i.e. archiving by researchers, students or others without special technical knowledge who wish to save a website for further study using a standard computer.

The phenomenon is discussed from the standpoint that Internet research must be able to stabilise and save the object of its analysis. However, the Internet is endowed with certain fundamental media-specific dynamics that make stabilisation difficult. Based on an account and discussion of these dynamics (linked as they are to sender, text and recipient) the following double conclusion is reached.

Firstly, unlike other well-known media, the Internet does not simply exist in a form suited to being archived, but rather is first formed as an object of study in the very process of archivation. This form differs depending on who does the archiving, when, and for what purpose. Secondly, this means that there is an element of subjective creation in the archived material, so that methodical deliberations are necessary — in other words, the answers to why and how the archived material has been created.

These conclusions form the starting point for the last section of the book, which, based on comprehensive tests of archiving software, discusses in depth the elements that can be included in an archiving strategy.

The book is free of charge, and copies of the book may be obtained by contacting while supplies last. Please supply your full mailing address (for the purpose of citation please note that the printed and electronic versions are identical).

In connection with the publication of the book a website has been established where it is possible to find the conclusions of the test, the detailed test results, recommendations for using the individual programmes, a detailed description of the test, and links to resources on net archiving. The website address is